• Consumer Health: Treating esophageal cancer

a middle-aged man wearing a baseball cap and staring out a window looking sad, thoughtful, depressed, worried

April is Esophageal Cancer Awareness Month, which makes this a good time to learn more about treating esophageal cancer, the sixth most common cause of cancer deaths worldwide.

Esophageal cancer is more common among men than women, and it can occur anywhere along the esophagus. Signs and symptoms of esophageal cancer include difficulty swallowing, unexplained weight loss, heartburn, coughing, hoarseness, and chest pain or pressure. Risk factors include smoking, drinking alcohol, being obese, and not eating enough fruits and vegetables.

If you've been diagnosed with esophageal cancer, your treatment will be based on the type of cells involved in your cancer, the stage of your cancer, and your overall health and preferences. Treatment can include surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, targeted drug therapy or immunotherapy.

Learn more about the options for treating esophageal cancer.

Related articles