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Diabetes insipidus is a rare disorder that causes an imbalance of fluids in the body. It's estimated to affect about 1 in 25,000 people worldwide, according to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Disease.
While the terms "diabetes insipidus" and "diabetes mellitus" sound similar, they're not related. Diabetes mellitus — which involves high blood sugar levels and can occur as Type 1 or Type 2 — is common and often referred to simply as diabetes.
The fluid imbalance caused by diabetes insipidus leads you to produce large amounts of urine. It also makes you extremely thirsty, even if you have something to drink. This can lead to dehydration and an imbalance in minerals in your blood, such as sodium and potassium.
The cause depends on which of these types of diabetes insipidus you have:
Treatment options depend on the type of diabetes insipidus you have and can include medication, modifying your water intake and following a low-salt diet.
Connect with others talking about diabetes insipidus and related disorders in the Diabetes & Endocrine System support group on Mayo Clinic Connect, an online patient community moderated by Mayo Clinic.
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