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Soledad Andrade (@soledadandrade) posted · Thu, Mar 19 1:00pm · View  

Oncólogos revelan razones para el alto costo de los fármacos contra el cáncer en Estados Unidos y recomiendan soluciones

ROCHESTER, Minnesota: La creciente carestía de los fármacos contra el cáncer repercute sobre la atención médica en Estados Unidos y el sistema de salud estadounidense en general, dicen los autores de un artículo especial publicado en internet en la revista Mayo Clinic Proceedings.

Ilustración de unas pastillas con la palabra cáncer“Los estadounidenses con cáncer pagan entre 50 y 100 por ciento más que los pacientes de otros países por el mismo fármaco patentado”, observa el Dr. S. Vincent Rajkumar, del Centro Oncológico de Mayo Clinic y uno de los autores del trabajo. “En nuestra calidad de oncólogos, tenemos la obligación moral de defender que los pacientes puedan pagar el costo de los fármacos contra el cáncer”.

El Dr. Rajkumar y su colega, el Dr. Hagop Kantarjian del Centro Oncológico MD Anderson, comentan que el precio promedio de los fármacos contra el cáncer para una terapia de aproximadamente un año aumentó de entre 5000 y 10 000 dólares que costaba antes del año 2000 a más de 100 000 para el año 2012. Durante prácticamente el mismo período, el ingreso promedio de los hogares estadounidenses disminuyó en alrededor de 8 por ciento.

En el trabajo, los autores refutan los principales argumentos que la industria farmacéutica utiliza para justificar la carestía de los fármacos contra el cáncer, que son los siguientes: el gasto de realizar las investigaciones para el desarrollo de los fármacos, los beneficios comparables de los pacientes, que las fuerzas del mercado fijarán los precios en niveles razonables, y que el control de precios de los fármacos contra el cáncer reprimirá la innovación.

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Micah Dorfner (@micahd7) posted · Thu, Mar 12 1:02pm · View  

Spring Break Can Be Fun, But Take Precautions and Be Safe

shutterstock_53590102LA CROSSE, WI. – For many college students, spring break is a time of festivity in warm vacation destinations. It’s a way to relieve the academic stress of the semester. However, this season of revelry also poses some major health and safety risks.

Mayo Clinic Health System would like to remind vacationing students of ways to protect themselves from sexual assault by monitoring their alcohol consumption and looking out for GHB and Rohypnol — more commonly known as the “date rape drugs.” Each year, there is an average of 293,000 male and female sexual assault victims in the United States, according to Rape, Abuse and Incest National Network (RAINN).

The side effects of alcohol and date rape drugs may be severe. GHB and Rohypnol can cause sedation, confusion and memory loss. The drugs are also known to impair the consumer’s ability to resist unwanted contact and recollection of the event. At high doses, GHB and Rohypnol may cause seizures, coma and even death. [...]

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Soledad Andrade (@soledadandrade) posted · Thu, Mar 5 10:24am · View  

El conocimiento de las mujeres estadounidenses respecto a la densidad mamaria varía según raza, origen étnico, educación e ingreso económico, descubre estudio de Mayo Clinic

ROCHESTER, Minnesota: Entre las mujeres estadounidenses existe disparidad en cuanto al nivel de concienciación y conocimiento respecto a la densidad mamaria, muestran los resultados de un estudio de Mayo Clinic publicado en la Revista de Oncología Clínica.

Imagen de tejido mamario no denso con cáncer

Tejido mamario no denso que revela un pequeño cáncer (izquierda, hacia arriba)

Densidad mamaria es el término que se utiliza para describir la variación que muestra el tejido mamario en las imágenes mamográficas. El tejido graso de las mamas tiene mayor translucencia radiológica que el tejido mamario denso (fibroglandular). Las zonas mamarias compuestas por tejido graso aparecen más oscuras en la mamografía, mientras que las regiones de tejido denso se ven más blancas.

Se ha comprobado que una mayor densidad mamaria no solamente enmascara el cáncer en la mamografía, sino que también se vincula con un futuro riesgo para cáncer de mama. Por ello, las últimas leyes emitidas en varios estados exigen informar a las mujeres sobre la densidad mamaria a fin de guiar sus decisiones respecto a los exámenes para detección del cáncer de mama.

En esta investigación se llevó a cabo en todo el país una encuesta transversal, en inglés y español, con 2311 mujeres de 40 a 74 años de edad. La tasa de respuesta de la encuesta fue de 65 por ciento. En general, más de la mitad de las mujeres que respondieron la encuesta (58 por ciento) había escuchado sobre la densidad mamaria, 49 por ciento conocía acerca de la repercusión de la densidad mamaria sobre la detección del cáncer de mama, y 53 por ciento sabía respecto a la vinculación entre densidad mamaria y riesgo de cáncer. [...]

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lizatorborg (@lizatorborg) posted · Tue, Mar 3 6:00am · View  

Mayo Clinic Q & A: Chronic sinusitis symptoms resemble a cold, but last months

DEAR MAYO CLINIC: I’ve had an awful cold for months. My doctor recommends that I be tested for chronic sinusitis. What would that involve? How is chronic sinusitis treated?illustration of person's face with sinus infection and inflammation

ANSWER: Sinusitis is inflammation of the sinuses, which are the air-containing pockets in the skull and facial bones around your nose. Chronic sinusitis develops when inflammation lasts for more than 12 weeks. Testing involves a visit to an ear, nose and throat, or ENT, doctor who will examine your sinuses. Most chronic sinusitis can be managed with medical therapy. However, if your symptoms or the inflammation do not respond to medical therapy, surgery may be necessary. The goal of treatment is to restore sinus health and function.

Symptoms of chronic sinusitis often resemble a cold. A cold is usually caused by a viral infection and is often accompanied by a runny or stuffed-up nose, sneezing, sore throat, watery eyes and a fever. This kind of acute viral sinusitis usually lasts seven to 10 days.

In rare instances, you may get a bacterial infection as a result of a cold, resulting in acute bacterial sinusitis. If that happens, cold symptoms get worse after seven to 10 days. You also may have yellow or green nasal drainage, pain in your face or teeth, and a fever. Acute sinusitis lasts up to four weeks. When symptoms persist for more than 12 weeks, you may have chronic sinusitis. But some cases of chronic sinusitis can develop subtly, without a preceding viral infection. [...]

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lizatorborg (@lizatorborg) posted · Sat, Feb 14 1:00pm · View  

Weekend Wellness: Ankylosing spondylitis symptom changes hard to predict

DEAR MAYO CLINIC: I’ve had ankylosing spondylitis for years, and could usually get relief by just taking over-the-counter pain medicine. illustration of healthy spine and one with ankylosing spondylitisBut lately the flares seem to be more frequent and painful. Is this common for the condition to worsen over time? What treatment should I try next, and is surgery ever effective for someone in my situation?

ANSWER: Symptoms of ankylosing spondylitis may get worse over time in some cases. But in others, they may improve with time or go away completely. These symptom changes often happen at irregular intervals, so they can be hard to predict. Medication typically is the most effective form of treatment. Most people with ankylosing spondylitis do not need surgery.

Ankylosing spondylitis is a disease that causes inflammation and leads to pain and stiffness. Many areas of the body can be affected by this disease. The most common include vertebrae in the lower back; the joints between the base of the spine and pelvis (called the sacroiliac joints); the hip and shoulder joints; and the cartilage between the breastbone and ribs. In some patients, the inflammation can affect other organs, including the eyes, leading to a condition called iritis or uveitis. [...]

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Dana Sparks (@danasparks) posted · Fri, Jan 23 3:07pm · View  

Measles Can Almost Always be Prevented With a Vaccine

close up of child's face with measlesUSA Today - "An outbreak of measles that began at Disneyland before Christmas is disrupting lives in six states. Arizona became the latest state to report a case of measles related to Disneyland when a woman in her 50s was diagnosed. The outbreak has spread to Utah, Washington, Colorado, Oregon and across the border to Mexico."

Measles is a childhood infection caused by a virus. Once quite common, measles can now almost always be prevented with a vaccine. Signs and symptoms of measles include cough, runny nose, inflamed eyes, sore throat, fever and a red, blotchy skin rash. Also called rubeola, measles can be serious and even fatal for small children. While death rates have been falling worldwide as more children receive the measles vaccine, the disease still kills more than 100,000 people a year, most under the age of 5. Learn more:

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Micah Dorfner (@micahd7) posted · Thu, Jan 22 1:42pm · View  

Diabetes: Testing for Early Indicators

Measuring blood sugar with a blood glucose meter for diabetes

Many people first learn they have diabetes through blood tests done for another condition or as part of a routine physical exam. But in some cases, diabetes may not be detected before damage to your eyes, kidneys or other organs has occurred. That’s why the American Diabetes Association recommends adults have a fasting blood glucose test at age 45. If the test results are normal, repeat the test every three years. If your results are borderline, have a fasting blood sugar test every year. Your health care provider may also test for diabetes based on your symptoms or risk factors.

Mayo Clinic Health System family medicine provider Steven Adamson, M.D., says, "Although the amount of sugar in your blood fluctuates, the range is relatively narrow," says . "After fasting all night, most people have levels between 70 and 100 milligrams of glucose per deciliter of blood (mg/dL). That’s the equivalent of about one teaspoon of sugar in a gallon of water. If you consistently have fasting glucose levels above 125 mg/dL, you likely have diabetes."

Dr. Adamson shares tests that can detect diabetes: [...]

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Dana Sparks (@danasparks) posted · Mon, Jan 5 7:35am · View  

Monday's Housecall

HousecallBannerTHIS WEEK'S TOP STORIES
Smoking cessation: Creating a quit-smoking plan
Have you resolved to quit smoking for good? Having a plan can help you cope with nicotine withdrawal and strong urges to light up.

Memory loss: When to seek help
Losing your memory may be a sign of normal aging, a treatable condition or the onset of dementia. Know when to see your doctor.

EXPERT ANSWERSwoman in red shirt breaks tobacco cigarette, quit smoking concept
Hangover prevention: Do lighter colored drinks help?
Drinking lighter colored drinks is not a good method of hangover prevention — but it may help a little.

Loss of taste and smell: Natural with aging?
Aging can play a role in the loss of taste and smell, but not always. Learn about other factors.

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