• Science Saturday: Researchers investigate precision nutrition to improve health, prevent diseases

a researcher studying foods under a microscope, with graphics of various scientific images in white sprinkled across the image

Could prescribing specific nutrients, grains, fruits and vegetables tailored to a person's DNA and other biological characteristics help improve their health?

Precision nutrition took center stage at Mayo Clinic's Individualizing Medicine Conference Nov. 2–3, 2022, in Rochester, Minnesota, where some of the world’s top experts shared their knowledge of the potential benefits of tailoring nutrients and dietary guidance to a person's genes, metabolism, microbiome and other distinguishing characteristics. The ultimate goal of the holistic approach is to promote health and help prevent diet-related diseases, including heart disease, diabetes and some cancers.  

Research shows nearly 11 million deaths worldwide are linked to diet-related factors annually, along with the contributing impacts of genetics, age, gender, weight, and deficiencies in sleep and exercise. 

Just as people respond differently to certain medications, known as pharmacogenomics, a person's genes and lifestyle also can alter their responses to the foods they eat, including how their body metabolizes, absorbs and distributes nutrients.

Precision nutrition is part of a new era in individualized medicine, driven by advances in multi-omic approaches — with particular attention on metabolomics, which is the study of substances created when the body breaks down food, drugs or its own tissue.

Read the rest of the article on the Individualized Medicine blog.


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