Mayo Clinic nephrology and hypertension expert Dr. Ivan Porter agrees that everyone age 18 or older should have regular blood pressure checks, and, if the numbers are high, they should take steps to lower them. He says, "The biggest challenge is that there are generally no symptoms associated with high blood pressure. That's why they call it the silent killer. But, having high blood pressure long term can cause many serious health problems, such as heart disease and stroke, so it's vital to keep blood pressure numbers down."
Hypertension, or high blood pressure, is determined by the amount of blood your heart pumps and the amount of resistance to blood flow in your arteries. The more blood your heart pumps and the narrower your arteries, the higher your blood pressure.
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Know your blood pressure numbers and what they mean
When reviewing your blood pressure numbers, the top number, or systolic pressure, represents the pressure in your arteries when your heart pumps. The lower number, or diastolic pressure, represents the pressure in your arteries when your heart is at rest. Ideal blood pressure numbers can vary depending on age and medical conditions, but here is some general guidance:
Untreated high blood pressure puts you at increased risk for:
Medication and/or changes in lifestyle can help get blood pressure numbers down. These healthy habits can make a difference:
High blood pressure is common, especially for people over 60. Talk to your healthcare provider to ensure your blood pressure numbers are where they should be.