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5 hours ago · Tuesday Tips: Workouts that prepare you for real life

Do you need a bigger goal for your gym time than ‘getting fit?’ Try workouts that prep your body for real-world situations.

Watch: Workouts that prepare you for real life.

Journalists: Broadcast-quality video (:54) is in the downloads at the end of the post. Please “Courtesy: Mayo Clinic News Network.”

11 hours ago · Infectious Diseases A--Z: China coronavirus outbreak

microscopic 3D illustration of coronavirus

The first U.S. confirmed case of the novel coronavirus is in Washington state, according to officials with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

The CDC statement says it is closely monitoring an outbreak caused by the coronavirus first identified in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China. The coronoavirus has reportedly killed six people.

Chinese authorities identified the new coronavirus, which has resulted in close to 300 confirmed cases in China, including cases outside Wuhan, with additional cases being identified in a growing number of countries internationally. The first case in the United States was announced on January 21, 2020. There are ongoing investigations to learn more.

– CDC statement

The World Health Organization says it is creating an expert panel to determine whether a global health emergency should be declared.

Watch: Dr. Gregory Poland discusses the China coronavirus outbreak.

Journalists: Broadcast-quality sound bites are in the downloads at the end of the post. Please “Courtesy: Mayo Clinic News Network.”

“This is a respiratory virus that has been identified in Wuhan, China, at a particular live animal market,” says Dr. Gregory Poland, director of Mayo Clinic’s Vaccine Research Group. “Now the reason that’s important is it gave a hint as to what might be causing this.”

Dr. Poland says the genetic sequence of this virus was just released. “It is a coronavirus, so in the same family of viruses that SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome) and MERS (Middle East respiratory syndrome) were in, which increases concern about this,” explains Dr. Poland. “It is probably transmitted from bats to a kind of cat called a civet cat, which are eaten in China. So there is exposure to people, touching these animals, etc.”

“The CDC released a travel advisory bulletin for Americans traveling over to that area,” says Dr. Poland. “So I think if you have been in that area and you develop a viral syndrome, a cough, that’s something you want to tell your health care provider and have that at least taken into consideration.”

13 hours ago · In the Loop: Virtual reality gaming helps patients step out of their own realities

Chuck and Nicole Marino’s mobile gaming station, Hyperspace Starcade, provided a nice break from reality for kids at Mayo Eugenio Children’s Center.

When Chuck and Nicole Marino launched a mobile entertainment business last winter, the concept was simple: To make kids (and parents) happy by bringing a high-tech, mobile gaming station right to the curbs and driveways of anyone looking to have a little fun without any of the stress or mess that comes with organizing such things themselves. “Our video game truck is truly an arcade on wheels,” Chuck and Nicole write on the Hyperspace Starcade website. “We set up the playing field right in your yard, parking lot or any outdoor area … we can even set up indoors.”

They proved that last point one day last month, setting up inside Mayo Eugenio Children’s Center in Rochester. “I’ve been a patient at Mayo Clinic many times myself, and so we’re big fans of Mayo — especially the children’s hospital,” Chuck tells us. He and Nicole thought a little virtual reality might provide kids with a nice break from the reality of hospital life and offered to donate a day of play.

Read the rest of the story.


This story originally appeared on the In the Loop blog.

3 days ago · Science Saturday: Teaching a computer to read a kidney biopsy

Artificial intelligence may never replace human insight, expertise and judgment. Then again, no one’s complaining about how it can help, especially when it comes to analyzing kidney biopsies, a laborious process that’s an intricate mix of art and science. Accurate and thoughtful interpretation of biopsies is of life-changing importance for patients.

“The kidney is a pretty complicated structure, and rating the biopsy, taking that data and using it to assess what’s already happened and what will happen is complicated,” says Mark Stegall, M.D., a Mayo Clinic transplant surgeon. “When a pathologist reads a biopsy, he or she is looking mostly for an overall diagnosis and not detailed quantification of changes in every single part of the biopsy. However, there’s a lot of data that is lost that could be helpful in predicting outcomes if we had a way of measuring it.”

That’s where a deep neural network can help.

The development of deep or convolutional neural networks — a type of machine learning, otherwise known as artificial intelligence (AI) — has made it possible for researchers to conduct more advanced analyses of medical images. Neural networks need human training, however. They need to know what to look for and analyze, and they take vast amounts of computing capacity and storage space.

Read the rest of the article on Advancing the Science.

Other Mayo Clinic medical research websites:

5 days ago · Connecting Patients: Talk with people talking about transplants

medical staff person with a stethoscope pointing to the words organ donor on a window

The Transplants group on Mayo Clinic Connect is a place where people can meet and interact with living donors, people waiting for a transplant, transplant recipients and their caregivers. People are talking about heart, liver, kidney, pancreas, lung, hand, face, and blood and bone marrow transplant experiences.

“It’s a huge help to have this group to direct us through the maze. As I am reading it is encouraging to see how positive the post transplant graduates are. There is hope.”- Mayo Clinic Connect member

The patient community helps those awaiting transplant, those with questions about the transplant process, and offers tips and tricks for healthy practices following an organ transplant. They discuss topics like changes after transplant beyond just the physical, what to pack while awaiting the call and post-transplant symptoms. This open forum is designed to invite questions and share stories.

“I have learned from the experience of others and I hope others have learned from me and my experiences. THANK YOU MAYO CONNECT!” – Mayo Clinic Connect member

Learn more about transplants.

Related posts:

transplant infographic 101

5 days ago · Women's Wellness: Moms-to-be need vaccines during pregnancy

a young pregnant woman receiving a vaccination in her upper arm

Vaccines are a part of many well-child visits. But they also should be part of the care moms-to-be receive to protect their unborn children.

“When we take care of pregnant patients, we’re really taking care of two patients: mom and baby. We know that pregnant women are more susceptible to, and can get more ill from, certain illnesses, so it’s important for moms-to-be to understand why certain immunizations are so important,” says Dr. Tina Ardon, a Mayo Clinic family medicine physician.

Watch: Dr. Tina Ardon talks about vaccines.

Journalists: Broadcast-quality sound bites with Dr. Tina Ardon are in the downloads. Please “Courtesy: Mayo Clinic News Network.”

A recent report by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention indicated that many pregnant women are not receiving vaccines for the flu and whooping cough. The lack of protection can have significant consequences for moms-to-be and their unborn children, says Dr. Ardon.

“Pregnant patients are at greater risk for hospitalization from influenza infections and have a higher rate of complications,” she says.

The flu vaccine is recommended during any trimester for a woman who is pregnant during flu season.

Whooping cough is a highly contagious – and preventable – respiratory illness, a hallmark of which is a severe cough that leaves a person gasping for air. Also known as pertussis, after the bacteria that cause the infection, the cough can last several weeks to months.

“Infants and younger children are at the highest risk for complications associated with pertussis, including apnea, pneumonia and, at worse, death,” says Dr. Ardon.

She adds that nearly half of all babies under 1 in the U.S. who have pertussis end up being treated in the hospital. Complications are most serious for babies under 6 months.

“Vaccinating our moms-to-be gives the mom a chance to pass on antibodies to her baby to protect against pertussis even before birth.”

Typically, infants and children get five doses of the vaccine between the ages of 2 months and 6 years, a booster around 11 or 12 years, and then one more booster as an adult. Pregnant women should get a booster during every pregnancy in the earliest part of the third trimester.

Dr. Ardon recommends that expectant moms talk to their health care provider if they have questions. “It is important for all adults, as well as older children, including adolescents, to be vaccinated, so we can help protect though smallest patients,” says Dr. Ardon.

Watch: Why pregnant women need flu shots.

Journalists: Broadcast-quality video pkg (0:59) is in the downloads at the end of the post. Please ‘Courtesy: Mayo Clinic News Network.’ Read the script.

5 days ago · Making Mayo's Recipes: Pancakes for busy school mornings

whole wheat pumpkin pancakes on an orange breakfast plate

If your children are running off to school without sitting down for breakfast, try these make-ahead whole-wheat pumpkin pancakes or banana oatmeal pancakes. Freeze individual pancakes, so kids can reheat them in the microwave or toaster and top with fruit. You can also refrigerate these batters overnight and cook pancakes in the morning — that’s quicker than starting from scratch.

Each Thursday, one of the more than 100 video recipes from the Mayo Clinic Healthy Living Program is featured on the Mayo Clinic News Network — just in time for you to try over the weekend. You also can have the recipes delivered via the Mayo Clinic App.

These recipes are created by the executive wellness chef and registered dietitians at the Mayo Clinic Healthy Living Program. Find more recipes and other healthy living insights on the Mayo Clinic App.

Watch: Make-ahead pancakes for busy school mornings.

Journalists: The broadcast-quality video (2:23) is in the downloads at the end of the post. Please “Courtesy: Mayo Clinic News Network.

6 days ago · Home Remedies: Treating acute sinusitis without antibiotics

a young man sitting at his desk with a computer and holding a tissue kleenex over his nose because of a cold or sneezing, maybe allergies

QUESTION: I have acute sinusitis, and my health care provider doesn’t think I need antibiotics. Are there nonprescription medications that can help relieve symptoms?

ANSWER: Yes. Over-the-counter pain relievers and decongestants may help relieve facial pain and sinus congestion associated with acute sinusitis. Over-the-counter medications that may help include:

  • Decongestants.
    These work by narrowing blood vessels to help reduce inflammation and swelling that cause sinus congestion. Such medications are available in liquids, tablets and nasal sprays.
  • Pain relievers.
    Pain caused by pressure buildup in the sinus cavities may be relieved by aspirin, acetaminophen or ibuprofen.

Always use over-the-counter products as directed. If your child becomes infected, check with his or her health care provider to find out what’s safe.

a medical illustration of healthy sinuses and acute sinusitis

Home remedies you may want to try:

  • Inhale warm water vapor.
    Drape a towel over your head as you breathe in the moist air from a bowl of warm or moderately hot water. Or take a hot shower, breathing in the warm, moist air.
  • Apply warm compresses.
    Place warm, damp towels around your nose, cheeks and eyes to ease facial pain.
  • Drink plenty of fluids.
    Consuming additional fluids helps dilute mucous secretions and promotes drainage.
  • Use a saline nasal spray.
    Saline washes or sprays can remove thick secretions and allow the sinuses to drain.
  • Use a neti pot.
    A neti pot is a container designed to rinse debris or mucus from your nasal cavity. Neti pots are often available in pharmacies and health food stores, as well as online. Be sure to use filtered water and talk to your health care provider to see if nasal rinsing is right for you.

Most people with acute sinusitis get better without antibiotics. However, if your symptoms are severe or last longer than a few days, talk to your health care provider.

This article is written by Dr. James Li and Mayo Clinic staff. Find more health and medical information on mayoclinic.org.