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    Consumer Health: Understanding stuttering

a mother comforting a stressed teenage daughter at the table in their kitchen

International Stuttering Awareness Day will be observed on Tuesday, Oct. 22, which makes this a good time to learn more about this speech disorder. Stuttering, also called stammering or childhood-onset fluency disorder, involves frequent and significant problems with normal fluency and flow of speech. People who stutter know what they want to say, but have difficulty saying it. Learn more about the signs and symptoms of stuttering, and when to see your health care provider or speech-language pathologist.


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Conflicting mammogram results
Most abnormalities found on screening mammograms turn out to be insignificant and not breast cancer. It's important that the radiologist compares your current and past mammograms to assess whether the area of concern is stable or new. And additional views may be needed. Learn more from Dr. Sandhya Pruthi, a Mayo Clinic general internal medicine physician and past director of the Mayo Clinic Breast Diagnostic Clinic.

Slideshow: Sleeping positions that reduce back pain
By making simple changes in your sleeping position, you can take strain off your back and may be able to reduce your back pain. Here are instructions for three sleeping positions that may help you.

Atrial fibrillation and physical activity
Regular physical activity is important to living a healthy life. Exercise can help you feel better and decrease symptoms of heart conditions, such as atrial fibrillation, a common heart rhythm disorder. Getting active also can help prevent other heart diseases or strokes. However, there is conflicting research regarding the effects of vigorous physical activity in people with atrial fibrillation. Learn more from Dr. Rekha Mankad, a Mayo Clinic cardiologist.

Do over-the-counter treatments help acute sinusitis?
Most people with acute sinusitis get better without antibiotics. Over-the-counter pain relievers and decongestants may relieve facial pain and sinus congestion, and there are a number of home remedies that may be helpful, as well. Learn more from Dr. James Li, a Mayo Clinic allergist and immunologist.

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