Some people might associate scoliosis as a spinal condition that only happens in children.
But as reporter Jason Howland explains in this Mayo Clinic Minute, that's not always the case.
Journalists: Broadcast-quality video (1:05) is in the downloads at the end of this post. Please courtesy: "Mayo Clinic News Network." Read the script.
Scoliosis is a condition that causes the spine to curve. It's frequently diagnosed in children — often during the growth spurt just before puberty. But it can happen in adults.
"Most of the time, we think of scoliosis as something that happens to children or teenagers. But a lot of times, adults develop scoliosis as a part of aging," says Dr. Jeremy Fogelson, a Mayo Clinic neurosurgeon.
"And when we're facing gravity every day, it can lead to a tilt and a curvature that can get worse over time," says Dr. Fogelson.
Symptoms in adults vary.
"Sometimes adults can be affected by scoliosis, and it can cause pain. Sometimes it can cause pinched nerves. Sometimes they can lean to the side or lean forward, and that can be bothersome," says Dr. Fogelson.
Most scoliosis cases are mild and can be treated with physical therapy, weight loss and medication. Surgery is the final option if it becomes severe.
"Surgery to treat scoliosis is usually a spinal fusion. Spinal fusion essentially takes vertebrae that are moving and flexible, and turns them into one longer vertebra," says Dr. Fogelson.
The fused vertebra helps straighten the spine and prevents the curve from getting worse.
For the safety of its patients, staff and visitors, Mayo Clinic has strict masking policies in place. Anyone shown without a mask was recorded prior to COVID-19 or recorded in an area not designated for patient care, where social distancing and other safety protocols were followed.